Protected areas in Tanzania are highly varied in terms of their administrative authorities, ecosystem functions (water catchment, protection, and production), and habitat heterogeneity varying in vegetation types and landscapes from sea level to the top of the Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa. More than one third of the country's total area is protected to a certain degree as national park, game reserve, marine park, forest reserve, conservation area, or other category.
Apart from protected areas administered by either local or central governments, communities have assumed management of some protected areas under Joint Forest Management and Community Based Forest Management models. The principle that guides the Community-Based Forest Management model is that local communities have the right to control and manage the forest resources on their land, while Joint Forest Management encourages adjacent communities to play a role in management of reserved forests with local or central governments through forest protection and patrol, and in return the communities receive a range of concrete benefits. The map below shows protected areas with the exception of community-based forest reserves.